Phenylethylamine (PEA) is a trace monoamine produced endogenously (naturally) in the brain. It is synthesized from the modification of phenylalanine (amino acid) just like the neurotransmitters dopamine, and norepinephrine. Current research shows that PEA decreases the uptake of dopamine, and norepinephrine causing enhancement of mood, energy and focus.
Studies have shown that caffeine binds to and inhibits adenosine receptors in the brain. Normally, when adenosine binds these receptors, we feel drowsiness. Caffeine effectively prevents this response and, instead, we feel wakeful. Aside from caffeine’s effect at adenosine receptors, studies have shown that caffeine may induce dopamine release in the brain, thus having a synergistic effect with phenylethylamine. Additionally, it appears that caffeine upregulates dopamine receptors in the brain.
Collectively, B-vitamins and micro-nutrients are essential for numerous aspects of brain function and normal physiological functioning including energy production, DNA/RNA synthesis/repair, genomic and non-genomic methylation, the synthesis of numerous neurochemicals and signalling molecules. Since these organic compounds are not produced endogenously, it is important to obtain them through our diet.
One important nutrient included in Patria Energy drink is biotin (vitamin B7). Biotin plays a key role glucose metabolism (energy) and haemostasis, including regulation of hepatic glucose uptake, gluconeogenesis, insulin receptor transcription and pancreatic β-cell function. Lower circulating levels of biotin have been reported for those suffering from Type II diabetes. To circumvent these effects from insufficient nutrition, Patria Energy has been formulated with the essential micro-nutrients and B-vitamins niacin (niacinamide), vitamin B6 (pyridoxine hydrochloride), folate (folic acid), vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin), vitamin B7 (biotin), and vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) to sustain important physiological functions pertaining to cognition and energy.